Occ. Code 7361000        


                                                              PLUMBER AND STEAMFITTER, GRADE 12


New York State Department of Civil Service


Classification Standard




            Plumber and Steamfitter performs journey-level plumbing and steamfitting work and frequently supervises others in the installation, alteration and repair of pipes, fittings and fixtures of heating, ventilating, heating control, water, and drainage systems, according to specifications and plumbing codes.


            Plumbers are employed by many agencies with the greatest number of positions in the Department of Mental Hygiene and in the State University.




            Typically, a Plumber and Steamfitter is responsible for all plumbing and steamfitting work including the planning and laying out of work and determining the cause of trouble in plumbing and heating systems and equipment in an assigned area, on an assigned project, or for an entire facility.


            A Plumber and Steamfitter frequently supervises others in this work including other Plumber and Steamfitters, as well as semiskilled and relatively unskilled workers.


            Plumber and Steamfitters may work with, lead and provide practical trades instruction to State wards with the responsibility for the tasks performed and for the security of the tools and materials used by the wards along with their whereabouts.


            In a plumbing and steamfitting maintenance shop where activities are being performed by several employees, a typical work crew contains one journey-level plumbing position for two or three semiskilled or relatively unskilled employees.  In an agency such as the Department of Correctional Services where inmates or residents perform some plumbing and steamfitting repair and installation tasks, a Plumber and Steamfitter may be responsible for the work of a small group of such individuals.


            A Supervising Plumber and Steamfitter supervises, plans and lays out the work for a large scale plumbing and heating installation and repair operations involving 10 or more skilled, semiskilled or elementary skilled mechanical trades or building maintenance personnel.


            In many State facilities, Vocational Instructors specializing in plumbing and steamfitting formally instruct inmates and/or residents in the theory and practice of this trade.


            Maintenance Assistant (Plumber and Steamfitter) performs less complex plumbing and steamfitting tasks involving either replacement and repair or installation work with layout provided by a journey-level plumber and steamfitter.


            Maintenance Helpers assigned to a plumbing crew assist plumbers and maintenance positions in plumbing and steamfitting work by performing manual tasks involving elementary skills as directed, while learning the practical techniques of the plumbing and steamfitting trade.


            A General Mechanic may also perform journey-level plumbing and steamfitting activities.  However, such positions are classified only where incumbents perform skilled and semiskilled activities in a combination of trades.


            Employees engaged in other building, mechanical and maintenance trades are classified under our commonly used titles descriptive of their work such as Carpenter or Electrician.




Repairs, maintains and installs plumbing fixtures and appliances such as sinks, shower baths, commodes, drinking fountains, dishwashers, valves including pneumatic controls, gas and water meters, gas hot water heaters and other gas appliances, heating systems and controls, and various steam equipment used in laundries, kitchens and cafeterias, water pumps and hydrotherapy equipment.


·        In cases of malfunction or breakdown discusses problem with user, visually inspects the fixtures or equipment and uses appropriate test equipment such as pressure and vacuum gauges to determine cause and location of trouble.


·        Following technical manuals, codes, diagrams and previous experience, plans work procedures to make repairs and orders replacement parts indicating quality and type and any other materials required.


·        Makes necessary repairs or adjustments or directs others in performing such activities.


·        Installs or directs the installation of plumbing fixtures and appliances following diagrams, codes and previous experience.


Plans and lays out the installation, alteration and repair of high and low pressure pipe systems that carry water, steam, air or other liquids or gases.


·        Plans new installations, alterations to existing installations and major repairs consistent with specifications, plans and plumbing codes.


·        Reviews building plans and working drawings to determine work aids required and sequence of installation.


·        Locates and marks position of pipe and pipe connections and passage holes for pipes in walls and floors and cuts openings required to accommodate pipe and fittings.


·        According to plan measures, cuts, threads and bends pipe to required angle.


·        Assembles and installs a variety of metal and nonmetal pipe and pipe fittings.


·        Joins piping by means of threaded, caulked, wiped, soldered, brazed, fused or cemented joints. 


·        Tests pipe system for leaks by filling with liquid or air and reading pressure gauges.


·        May weld holding fixtures to steel members.


May draw rough sketches or prepare plans to scale from oral or written instructions to accomplish the project.


From blueprints or specifications may estimate labor, materials, tools and equipment necessary for the project.


Assembles materials, tools and equipment required to complete the work according to plans.


As assigned, supervises and instructs others in performing plumbing and steamfitting work.


·        Assigns work to plumbing crew.


·        As required, gives verbal instructions and/or demonstrates proper plumbing techniques and the use of plumbing and steamfitting tools and equipment.


·        Observes and inspects the work while in progress and when completed to insure that the work is done properly.


·        When supervising wards of the State, a Plumber and Steamfitter must be aware of and account for their activities at all times while on the job and insure that the rules and regulations of the facility governing such activities are followed.




            The nature of a Plumber and Steamfitters activity generally restricts relationships to employees working within the same organizational unit including artisans in other trades.  On occasion, however, incumbents may be required to orally communicate with others in a State agency or facility to determine the nature of the problem related to the malfunction or breakdown of plumbing and/or heating equipment and the reasons why the work is being accomplished in the manner selected.


            Typically, Plumbers and Steamfitters supervise a plumbing and steamfitting crew which may include wards of the State.  Such relationships are characterized by frequent oral communications in assigning work and providing instructions.  Written and oral communications with the general public are not typical of this class.  The tasks of this class are predominantly thing-oriented and involvement with others is not a factor in determining its classification.




            Plumber and Steamfitters are usually supervised by higher-level maintenance operation positions such as Supervising Plumber and Steamfitter, Plant Utilities Engineer, or Maintenance Supervisor.  Generally work priorities and the nature and extent of the work to be performed are prescribed and materials are furnished.  However, in the absence of such direction, a Plumber may set priorities, requisition materials and determine the work that has to be done.


            Although the work of a Plumber and Steamfitter is inspected periodically, incumbents are expected to work with considerable independence as is typical of a craftsperson.


            As assigned, a Plumber and Steamfitter will supervise other craft positions including other Plumbers and Steamfitters and subordinate employees and/or wards of the State in making assignments, giving instructions and observing and inspecting work performed to insure that instructions have been followed and that the quality of the work is satisfactory.




            Plumbers and Steamfitters use the tools of the plumbing and steamfitting trade including the standard hand tools, portable power tools and shop equipment.  There are over 100 such kinds of tools and equipment used by Plumber and Steamfitters.




·        Working knowledge of the principles, methods, materials, tools and equipment used in the plumbing and steamfitting trade.


·        Working knowledge of applicable plumbing code regulations.


·        Working knowledge of the mathematics of the plumbing trade.


·        Working knowledge of hot water and steam heating systems and control devices.


·        Ability to plan, lay out and complete plumbing and steamfitting work.


·        Ability to read, interpret and work from plans, drawings and specifications.


·        Ability to understand and carry out oral and written instructions.


·        Ability to use the tools, machines, equipment and materials of the plumbing and steamfitting trade.


·        Ability to do moderately heavy lifting and to stand for prolonged periods of time.


As assigned:


·        Working knowledge of the rules and regulations of the facility governing the activity of State wards under the supervision of a Plumber and Steamfitter.


·        Working knowledge of the practices and techniques of welding, brazing and soldering not requiring complex planning or use of special procedures.


·        Ability to estimate labor, material requirements and costs of plumbing work.


·        Ability to supervise and train others.


·        Ability to weld, braze and solder using gas and arc welding equipment.




Plumber and Steamfitter Trainee 1, NS:  Must be 18 years of age or older; possess a High School diploma or general equivalency diploma recognized by the New York State Education Department; be proficient in English and math; full-time permanent service in a position allocated at Grade 12 or below which is primarily engaged in the performance of unskilled and/or semiskilled labor and trades tasks. 


Plumber and Steamfitter Trainee 2, NS:  Successful completion of a 52-week probationary period as an Plumber and Steamfitter Trainee 1, NS; completion of 45 hours of Technical Math coursework and 15 hours of Blueprint Reading/Schematics coursework or passage of an equivalency exam or proof of successful completion of equivalent training; 144 hours of plumber and steamfitter trade-specific instruction; and 2,000 hours of on-the-job training.  Trainees must maintain a C or better average in their coursework.


Plumber & Steamfitter, Grade 12:   Successful completion of a NYS two-year Plumber & Steamfitter Traineeship or NYS two-year plumbing training program; OR successful completion of any equivalent plumbing two-year training or apprenticeship program;* OR four (4) years of full-time experience in plumbing under a skilled journey-level plumber which would provide training equivalent to that given in an apprenticeship program.   Apprenticeship training in plumbing or training gained by completion of technical courses in plumbing at a school, institute, or branch of the Armed Services may be substituted on a year-for-year basis.


* Successful completion of the traineeship and the training program includes a total of 288 hours of trade-specific class room instruction, 45 hours of technical math course work, 45 hours of technical communications course work, and 15 hours of blueprint/schematic reading course work.  Course work must be completed with an average of C or better.  Additionally, successful completion of the traineeship also includes 4,000 hours of on-the-job training.




Revised:  4/09


NOTE:  Classification Standards illustrate the nature, extent and scope of duties and responsibilities of the classes they describe.  Standards cannot and do not include all of the work that might be appropriately performed by a class.  The minimum qualifications above are those which were required to appointment at the time the Classification Standard was written.  Please contact the Division of Staffing Services for current information on minimum qualification requirements for appointment or examination.