Section 22.1 - Leave of Absence; Duration
The purpose of this Section is to authorize the granting of leaves without pay to employees who are necessarily absent from duty and who do not have appropriate leave accruals against which to charge such absences.
Any permanent employee who is subject to the Attendance Rules is eligible for leave under this Section. (Although the Attendance Rules do not otherwise provide for leaves of absence without pay for other than permanent employees, such leaves may be granted to temporary or provisional employees in certain situations with the approval of the Bureau of Staffing Services, Department of Civil Service.)
Employees who are not subject to the Attendance Rules, but who are otherwise subject to the Civil Service Rules for the Classified Service may be granted leave without pay pursuant to Section 5.2 of the Classified Service Rules.
In addition, any employee who requests leave under this Section or Section 5.2 because of pregnancy or childbirth or in connection with adoption is eligible for such leave regardless of whether the employee's appointment is permanent, temporary or provisional. For purposes of determining eligibility for employees who request leave because of pregnancy or childbirth, a probationary employee is deemed a permanent employee.
Extent of Leave
An eligible employee may be granted, at the discretion of the appointing authority, a leave of absence without pay, or successive leaves of absence without pay, for a period not to exceed two years.
A leave of absence may be extended beyond two years only with the approval of the Civil Service Commission.
For the purpose of determining the duration of a leave of absence without pay, active service in the military forces of the United States or the State of New York for up to four years of voluntary service and a fifth year at the convenience of the government and any periods of involuntary service are not counted.
No employee is entitled to leave under this Section beyond the time at which his/her services would otherwise terminate by operation of law, rule or regulation.
An employee who is disabled because of pregnancy or childbirth and
has exhausted her leave credits is entitled to leave without pay under
this Section so long as she continues to be disabled. An employee,
regardless of gender, is also entitled to such leave for up to seven
months following childbirth or in connection with adoption. Any leave
beyond the seven month period following childbirth shall be at the
discretion of the appointing authority. The State's policies on leave
for pregnancy, childbirth, child care and for adoption are found on
Use of Credits
Although not mandated by this Rule, the appointing authority may require that all appropriate leave credits be exhausted before approving a leave without pay except if the leave is granted for the purposes of child care in which case the employee may not be required to exhaust credits prior to being granted leave without pay. See pages 4-8 for a more detailed explanation.
Procedures for Granting Leave Without Pay
Each agency should establish procedures to ensure equitable treatment of all its employees in providing leave under this Section. In the granting of leave without pay for reasons other than illness, disability, pregnancy and child care, such factors as the employee's work performance record, the urgency and value of such leave to the employee and the agency and the effect the employee's absence will have on program requirements may be considered.
When an employee, who is denied a leave of absence without pay, absents himself/herself anyway, he/she is on an unauthorized leave of absence and cannot be considered as terminated or to have resigned because he/she failed to report for duty after having been denied the leave he/she requested. However, unauthorized absence may result in disciplinary action.
When an employee is granted a leave of absence without pay, he/she should be notified by a competent authority in writing and in precise language of the terms of his/her leave; e.g., the effective date of the approved leave, date the leave terminates, what is expected of him/her during and at the end of the period of leave and the possible consequences of failure to report for duty upon its expiration.
M E M O R A N D U M
TO: State Departments and Agencies
FROM: Joseph A. F. Valenti
SUBJECT: Leave for Pregnancy, Childbirth and Child Care
DATE: January 28, 1982
We have reviewed the State's policy on leave for pregnancy, childbirth and child care in the light of recent court determinations concerning such leaves. I find it necessary to revise this policy statement to reflect the views of the court concerning these subjects. This memorandum revokes and replaces the August 3, 1973, memorandum from the Civil Service Commission regarding maternity leave effective immediately.
Pregnant employees may be asked or encouraged to report the existence of pregnancy, but they may not be required to do so. Where, in the opinion of the appointing officer, the nature of the duties performed may be particularly hazardous or burdensome during pregnancy, this should be pointed out in the letter of appointment and such employees should be urged to advise their supervisors of any pregnancy. In any case where the appointing authority believes the employee is unable to perform the duties of the position because of pregnancy, the employee may be required to undergo a medical examination, at the expense of the department or agency, by a physician designated by the appointing authority. A pregnant employee who is determined to be medically disabled from the performance of job duties must be treated the same as any other employee similarly disabled insofar as disability leave benefits are concerned.
Sick leave and sick leave at half-pay may be used only during a period of medical disability. Under the State's policy, disabilities arising from pregnancy or childbirth are treated the same as other disabilities in terms of eligibility for or entitlement to sick leave with and/or without pay, extended sick leave and sick leave at half-pay. Generally, the period of such disability is deemed to commence approximately...
...four weeks prior to delivery and to continue for six weeks following delivery. While doctor's certificates may be required for any period of disability, agencies should request detailed medical documentation whenever disability is claimed to commence prior to or to extend beyond the period of disability described above.
An appointing authority may approve an employee's request for leave without pay during pregnancy and prior to the onset of any medical disability as a matter of discretion. Absences during pregnancy and following childbirth may be charged to vacation, overtime or personal leave irrespective of whether the employee is disabled. While the use of annual leave, overtime and personal leave accruals prior to the onset of medical disability is discretionary with the appointing authority, employees must be permitted to use these accruals during a period of medical disability after sick leave with pay has been exhausted.
Employees, regardless of sex, are entitled to leave without pay for child care for up to seven months following the date of delivery. For purposes of computing the seven month period of mandatory leave, periods during which the employee was absent for "disability" or use of leave credits are included; the mandatory seven month period is not extended by the granting of disability leave or the use of accrued leave. During a period of leave for child care, employees shall be permitted, upon request, to use annual leave, personal leave and overtime credits before being granted leave without pay. As is the case with other mandatory leaves without pay (e.g., military leave), agencies shall not require that employees exhaust all appropriate leave credits prior to being granted leave without pay for child care. Sick leave or sick leave at half-pay may be used only during a period of medical disability (Attendance Rules Sections 21.3, 21.4, 21.5, 28.3 [28-1.3], 28.4 [28-1.4] and 28.5 [28-1.5, 28-2.1, 28-2.2]). Except in the case of continuing medical disability, any leave of absence beyond the seventh month following childbirth shall be at the discretion of the appointing authority as provided in Sections 22.1 and 29.1 of the Attendance Rules. An employee who requests a leave for child care of less than seven months is entitled to have such leave extended, upon request, up to the seven month maximum and may, at the discretion of the appointing authority, have such leave extended beyond the seventh month. In certain situations, an employee may not be...
...permitted to return from such leave until the expiration of the period that such employee requested and was granted. Generally, such restrictions on early return are limited to situations where such return would be disruptive of a project or where the termination of a replacement would occur.
During the seven month period following childbirth, the granting of leave for child care is mandatory upon request from either parent. If both parents are State employees, leave for child care is mandatory for one parent at a time and the parents may elect to split the mandatory seven month leave into two separate blocks of leave with each parent entitled to one continuous period of leave but not to exceed a combined total of seven months of leave and not to extend beyond seven months from the date of delivery.
Agencies may, in their discretion, approve other arrangements for shared leave including concurrent leave and may, as a matter of discretion, extend leave for child care beyond the mandatory seven months. Furthermore, while one parent is absent on leave for child care, agencies continue to have the discretion to approve requests from the other parent for periods of vacation or personal leave, and for family sick leave in accordance with Sections 21.3(f) and 28.3(f) [28-1.3(f) and 28-2.1(g)] of the Attendance Rules.
Temporary, provisional and probationary employees without any permanent status are entitled to leave with full pay and/or without pay as described above. However, these employees are not eligible for sick leave at half-pay nor are they entitled to leave beyond that date when their employment would otherwise terminate (e.g., temporary item abolished, permanent incumbent restored to item, certification of eligible lists, etc.). In general, the State's policy on leave for pregnancy, childbirth and child care shall not be construed to require extension of any employment (permanent, permanent contingent, temporary or provisional) beyond the time it would otherwise terminate.
Questions concerning the State's policy on leave for pregnancy, childbirth and child care should be referred to the Division of Program Evaluation and Development of this Department (Telephone 518-457-2295).
/s/ Joseph A. F. Valenti
M E M O R A N D U M
TO: State Departments and Agencies
FROM: Joseph A. F. Valenti
SUBJECT: Child Care Leave for Adoptive Parents
DATE: March 11, 1982
On January 28, 1982, I issued a memorandum to State agencies concerning leave for pregnancy, childbirth and child care. Consistent with that memorandum, I am extending entitlement to leave without pay for child care to adoptive parents in the same manner and to the same extent that such leave is available to natural parents. This memorandum applies to all eligible State employees, except that where an Agreement between the State and an employee organization entered into pursuant to Article 14 of the Civil Service Law (the Taylor Law) provides for a different leave benefit, the provisions of the Agreement shall control. However, nothing in the Agreements precludes appointing authorities from extending the benefits provided by this policy on a discretionary basis.
State employees, regardless of gender, are entitled to a maximum of seven months of leave without pay for child care in connection with the adoption of a child in accordance with the provisions of Article 7 of the Domestic Relations Law. Entitlement to such leave without pay shall be for a period of up to seven months. The employee may take leave for this purpose starting at any time from the date the adoptive child is placed with the family to the effective date of the adoption.
In general, the guidelines for leave of absence for child care for adoptive parents are the same as those governing leave for child care for natural parents.
During a period of leave for child care, employees shall be permitted, upon request, to use annual leave, personal leave and overtime credits before being granted leave without pay. However, agencies shall not require that employees exhaust all appropriate leave credits before being granted leave without pay for child care. The seven-month period of such leave is not extended by the use of accrued leave credits.
An adoptive parent who requests a leave of absence for child care purposes of less than seven months is entitled to have such leave extended, upon request, up to the seven-month maximum.
If both adoptive parents are State employees, one parent may elect to take the entire leave, or the parents may choose to divide the leave time with each entitled to one continuous period of leave as long as it does not exceed a combined total of seven months of leave.
Agencies may, in their discretion, approve other arrangements for shared leave and may as a matter of discretion extend leave for child care for adoptive parents beyond the seven months to which this new policy entitles them. Furthermore, while one parent is absent on leave for child care, agencies continue to have the discretion to approve requests from the other parent for periods of vacation or personal leave or for family sick leave in accordance with Sections 21.3(f) and 28.3(f) [28-1.3(f) and 28-2.1(g)] of the Attendance Rules.
The State's policy on leave for child care for adoptive parents shall not be construed to require extension of any employment beyond the time it would otherwise terminate.
Questions concerning the State's policy on leave for child care for adoptive parents should be referred to the Division of Program Evaluation and Development of this Department (Telephone 518 457-2295).
/s/ Joseph A. F. Valenti